According to the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) more than nine million Canadians live with diabetes or prediabetes.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease, in which the body cannot produce insulin or cannot properly use the insulin it produces. Normally, insulin that is produced in the pancreas, opens cells so the glucose (sugar) in your body can be released and used for energy.
Type 1 diabetes
When individuals have type 1 diabetes the body mistakenly destroys the insulin produced by the pancreas therefore glucose builds up in the blood. There is no way to prevent type one diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult onset diabetes, is when the body does not properly use the insulin produced by the pancreas or does not make enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes may be prevented by:
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Being physically active
- Healthy diet (check out the CDA website for recipes)
Type 2 diabetes risk factors that cannot be controlled are:
The most important thing an individual can do to prevent type 2 diabetes is to maintain a healthy body weight. According to the Public Health Agency of Canada self-reported obesity peaks in individuals aged 60 to 69 years of age. In 2009-2010, 22.5% of females age 60-69 and 22.6% males age 60-69 were obese.
Is a condition when blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes may be prevented by the same methods as type 2 diabetes.
If you are wondering whether or not you are at risk for diabetes take the CANRISK diabetes test and find out.